Volume LIV – Number 2


Carolyn Reid

Abstract: French President Emmanuel Macron was hailed as the savior of liberal democracy after defeating Marine Le Pen in the 2017 French presidential election. Now, four years later, Macron’s hero status has been revoked due to his recent Islamophobic and quasi-autocratic initiatives. Macron has introduced a new bill designed to increase government oversight of religious minorities, specifically Muslims.

Keywords: France, Islamist separatism, Islamism, Islamophobia, Terrorism, Republicanism, Secularism


About the Author: Carolyn Reid is a senior at Towson University and has been a member of the Towson Journal of International Affairs for two consecutive semesters. After graduating with a B.S. in Political Science this spring, she will start attending American University in Fall 2021 for her M.A. in Political Science.


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